• galley proof

    originally, in bookprinting, a long column print of a text for the purposes of review and correction, today replaced by a page proof
  • genealogical table

    in genealogical terms, a section of the overall ancestry chart of person; a family chart
  • genealogy

    auxiliary discipline that deals with individual persons, their ancestry and familial associations
  • German Rules for Alphabetic Cataloguing (RAK)

    rules for libraries for the formal cataloguing of media
  • German Rules for the Subject Catalogue (RSWK)

    rules for libraries for card catalogues indexed according to subject headings
  • ghost writer

    a behind-the-scenes author who is commissioned by a third party to compose literary works
  • gigabyte

    unit of measurement in the field of digital technology equal to one billion bytes
  • gilding

    the covering of metallic and non-metallic objects with gold leaf
  • gilt edge

    the head edge or several edges of the book body covered with gold leaf for the purposes of decoration and protection
  • girdle book

    late medieval form of bound book that eased the carrying on one’s own person of predominantly religious writings
  • glass gravure screen

    the raster screen in a process camera that serves to split half-tone images into printable dots
  • glossary

    a list containing explanations of terminology as relates to a particular subject field
  • golden ratio

    proportions that have existed since classical antiquity, considered the pinnacle of harmonious arrangement and carrying great importance in the field of image composition and layout
  • gothic minuscule

    a script originating in the manuscripts of the Middle Ages which replaced Carolingian minuscule
  • Gothic script

    a set of letters either used in the time of the Gothic peoples or used to render the Gothic language
  • Göttingen Seven

    seven professors from Göttingen who, in 1833, objected to a breach of the constitution by the House of Hannover and thus were removed from their positions
  • gouge

    a heated brass tool used in blind tooling to decorate book covers
  • grammage

    properly the paper density (a measure of the area density) of paper and cardboard  in g/m², sometimes written as “gsm”
  • grand tour

    trip of discovery undertaken by young nobleman of the early modern era
  • grant of arms

    documents issued by rulers from the 14th century entitling the recipient to bear a coat of arms
  • graphic

    a collective term referring to drawn works of art and their reproductions in print
  • graphics interchange format (GIF)

    a digital graphical exchange format with good compressibility but minimal colour depth
  • graphics tablet

    a computer input device allowing the user to enter hand-drawn images
  • Greek alphabet

    considered, as a development of Phoenician script, to be the first true alphabet
  • grey literature

    a designation in the field of library science for books and other publications that are not distributed within the commercial book trade
  • grid (layout)

    design grid made of intersecting lines used to structure content for printing
  • grooving

    a work step in book-binding and in the paper industry, whereby cardboard is grooved to make it easier to fold
  • grotesque (typeface classification)

    a script without serifs dating back to ancient times with consistent stroke width; “grotesque” was an early design
  • guild

    a voluntary local or regional trade association representing the interests of its members
  • guild

    cooperative association of artisans and merchants that existed from the High Middle Ages up to the 19th century
  • Gutenberg Bible

    the “42-line” printed version of the Old and New Testaments, produced by Johannes Gutenberg using handwritten script as the basis for the lettering
  • gutter

    free space in typeset between the columns of a page
  • gutter

    inner edge to which a document is bound
  • gymnasium

    grammar schools originating in the “Humanist” era of the mid-19th century with a strong focus on the Greek and Latin classical periods and with an emphasis on preparing students for university education